When buying a home, many different loan options are available to borrowers. But what if you want to purchase a fixer-upper? Or are you looking at a property that needs some work before it’s ready to move in? That’s where the 203k loan comes in.
What is a 203K loan?
A 203K loan is a government-backed loan that allows borrowers to finance the purchase and renovation of a property with a single mortgage. Also known as an “FHA rehab loan,” it can be used to finance both the purchase price and the cost of renovations, up to a maximum of $35,000.
Types of 203K Loans
There are two types of 203K loans available to borrowers:
- The standard loan
This loan is best suited for more extensive renovations, with a minimum repair cost of $5000. Borrowers can finance up to 110% of the after-improved property value with this loan.
- Limited loan
This loan is best suited for minor renovations, with a maximum repair cost of $35,000. Borrowers can finance up to 100% of the after-improved property value with this loan.
How does the 203K loan work?
It is crucial to understand how the program works before applying. The first step is to find a property that meets the eligibility requirements for the program. Once you’ve found an ideal property, you will need to get an estimated repair and improvement costs from a licensed contractor.
The next step is to apply for the loan, which will require providing documentation of your income, employment history, and credit score. Once approved for the loan, you will need to complete the repairs and improvements within six months.
After completing all of the work, you will begin making regular mortgage payments. The 203K loan program can be a great way to finance both the purchase and improvement of a home, but it is essential to understand how it works before getting started.
Pros and cons of a 203K loan
There are a few things to look into before taking out a 203K loan:
- Low-interest rates
The 203K loan is government-backed. Therefore, it offers borrowers low-interest rates.
The 203K loan is very flexible and can be used for various purposes. Not only can it be used to finance the purchase and renovation of a property, but it can also refinance your existing mortgage or consolidate multiple debts into one loan.
- The needed credit score is lower
To qualify for a 203K loan, borrowers only need a credit score of 580. This is significantly lower than the minimum credit score of 620 that is required for a conventional mortgage.
- The down payment is lower
One of the benefits of a 203K loan is that the down payment is typically lower than a traditional mortgage. This is because the down payment is based on the total value of the property after renovations are completed rather than the home’s purchase price.
- High closing costs
Borrowers can expect to pay upwards of $5000 in closing costs with a 203K loan.
- Lengthy approval process
The approval process for a 203K loan can take up to two months.
- Requires a licensed contractor
Another disadvantage of the 203K loan is that all repairs and improvements must be completed by a licensed contractor. This can add to the overall cost of the project, as well as extend the timeline for completion.
What are the 203k loan requirements?
To qualify for a 203K loan, borrowers must:
- Be a first-time homebuyer or have not owned a home in the past three years
- Have a credit score of over 580
- have a debt-to-income ratio of 50% or less
- Minimum down payment of $500
- No bankruptcy or foreclosure in the past three years
- Have a good employment history
The property must also meet specific requirements. It must be:
- A single-family home, duplex, triplex, or fourplex
- A condo that is part of an FHA-approved complex
- A manufactured home that meets FHA standards
- The property cannot be an investment property or a vacation home
- The tax value of the property must be greater than the amount of the loan
If you’re wondering if a 203K loan is right for you, it’s essential to understand the pros and cons of the loan and the requirements. This type of loan can be a great way to finance both the purchase and improvement of a home, but it’s essential to understand how it works before getting started. By going through this article, you should better understand the 203K loan and how it can benefit you.