Mortgage Curtailment: Definition and Tips To Apply

The typical American homeowner almost certainly has a mortgage loan secured against their home. A mortgage can be a useful instrument to assist you in funding the purchase of your first home. A curtailment mortgage may open up additional financing options by paying off the remaining balance of your mortgage loan earlier than expected.

Let’s examine curtailment in further detail today and consider how it can impact your mortgage loan.

What is Curtailment Meaning?

Curtailment is a term to describe corporate activities, curtailment meaning can also refer to mortgage loans that are paid off early.

Curtailment, according to Stewart J. Guss of Attorney Guss, is defined as paying off more of your mortgage than you owe. Even better, you can fully reduce your mortgage by paying it off all at once. Partial curtailment is when you pay a little bit more than you owe.

According to the principal curtailment, curtailment refers to shortening anything. The “curtailment” refers to the intentional restriction or shortening of any good, service, or activity.

What Happens During a Mortgage Curtailment?

In a nutshell, a curtailment mortgage refers to paying off all or a portion of the remaining balance of your home loan early. By doing this, you can pay off your mortgage debt and free up money in the future for other purchases or investments.

When a borrower chooses partial or full curtailment options and pays additional payments of any amount, a mortgage is curtailed. You naturally pay down the principal of the mortgage loan earlier when you make mortgage payments above the required minimum.

The longer you practice mortgage curtailment, the more successful it becomes. You lower the amount of principal still owed and the amount of interest you must pay each billing cycle as you make additional payments.

Application of Curtailment Payments

Do you want to try to get your mortgage shortened? You must learn how to apply curtailment payments to your home loan.

Naturally, there are several options for the homeowner or mortgage loan subject to making curtailment payments. You may, for instance, make additional monthly payments all year long. You could pay the remaining principal in full all at once.

Alternatively, you might think about loan recasting, which entails paying off your debt in full up front and re-amortizing it. Most of the time, a homeowner will pick this choice if they purchase a new home before they sell their first one. In this situation, the homeowner obtains a sizable sum of money from the sale to apply to reduce the mortgage loan.

Additionally, lenders can terminate a mortgage loan if they make a calculation error during the loan closing process or the mortgage modification procedure. The lender may elect to reduce part or all of the mortgage loan during some cash-out refinances to complete the refinancing.

What Sorts Of Curtailment Payments Are There?

There are two options of reduction payments to make.

Partial Reduction

Partial curtailment refers to when the payer partially forgives the outstanding mortgage loan sum. However, a partial curtailment payment still affects the interest that the borrower must pay throughout the loan’s remaining term and lowers the amount of principal that is still owed.

Please take note that a partial curtailment payment does not change your regular minimum monthly payment. The only thing that will change in your interest payments as a result of the principal reduction is that amount. An example can assist show how significant an impact partial curtail payments can make.

Consider taking out a 30-year mortgage. $2400,000 is the amount borrowed, and the interest rate is 5%. The amount due each month to pay down your principal and interest is $1,571.71.

However, you choose to make an additional $100 monthly mortgage payment. You might pay off your mortgage a little more than three years faster with these bonus payments. Additionally, you would avoid paying almost $40,000 in interest.

But you choose to make an additional $50 monthly mortgage payment. You would pay off your 30-year mortgage 4 years, 11 months earlier with these additional payments. Additionally, you would avoid paying $13,426.92 in interest.

It is simple to understand how partial curtailment payments can have a significant impact.

Full Curtailment Type

A full curtailment entails completely paying down the remaining sum of mortgage debt. This is a fast way to pay off a mortgage loan. Let’s say that you still owe $100,000 on your mortgage loan. If you get $100,000 from the sale of another property, an inheritance, or some other type of financial windfall, you might use it to reduce the amount of your loan, so that you would no longer be required to repay it.

Long-term savings result from not having to pay additional interest for numerous billing cycles in the future.

How Is Curtailment Calculated?

Take the amount you pay above your usual mortgage rate and deduct it from the loan’s principal to determine curtailment. Your interest rate will be determined by the sum still owed. The following equation might make things clearer:

Principal = New Principal – (Total Payment Amount – Standard Mortgage Payment)

Reviewing your mortgage amortization schedule is the best way to figure out the revised interest rate once you have the new principal amount. This will demonstrate how quickly you may pay off your mortgage whether you choose to curtail payments or stick to the regular timetable.

How do you use a curtailment payment?

The lender and the borrower have the right to terminate a loan. However, each element does so for a different reason. Let’s examine this process in more detail.


By increasing their fixed-rate or variable-rate mortgage payments, borrowers can reduce their mortgage balance. Every additional payment you make is applied to the principal balance of your loan. You can reduce the length of your loan if you do this frequently.

You can also repay the loan in full, which allows you to avoid paying interest. In the end, you’ll spend less time in debt, which frees up cash for other endeavors.


If your mortgage calculations contain a mistake or if your mortgage was recently updated, lenders may decide to reduce the amount you can borrow.

How Do You Pay For A Curtailment?

The ideal strategy to make a curtailment payment is to first determine how much interest you’ll pay over your mortgage loan’s remaining term and then choose how many years you want to cut off that term with your curtailment payment (s).

Say, for illustration, that your monthly payment is $900 for a $150,000 loan with a 30-year term and 6% interest. Your initial mortgage payment includes $750 for interest alone because the monthly interest is 0.5 percent. There is only a $150 principal payment.

Interest is now computed for the next month in the amount of $149,850. As a result, for the second month, you pay $150.75 toward the principal and $749.25 toward interest.

Let’s imagine that you increase your initial $150k mortgage payment by $100. This results in a $502 reduction in total interest paid. You can consider adding an extra $100 to your initial nine payments.

You will avoid having to make five full-payments throughout the loan, saving you $4300 in interest.

As you can see, making a plan in advance for your mortgage curtailment payments will help you determine how much more you should pay (if you plan to make partial payments, that is).

How Do Mortgage Payments Get Affected by Curtailment?

Your mortgage payment will always receive a flat benefit from curtailment. It can even be beneficial if you have a variable interest rate mortgage because you pay off your debt faster. You can avoid paying extra interest (since variable interest rates can be higher than your project).

If you can afford it, mortgage curtailment always makes financial sense. It lowers your monthly principal and interest payments over time, making your mortgage cheaper in the long run.

Advice for Mortgage Reduction

Mortgage cancellation can be quite advantageous, but bear the following essential considerations in mind:

Your usual monthly mortgage payment amount is unaffected by additional mortgage curtailment payments. You continue to owe the same monthly payment every month. Therefore, if making further payments would put your short-term financial stability in jeopardy, you shouldn’t.

Mortgage payments cannot be canceled by lenders if your loan is not current. Therefore, before choosing this course of action, be sure that your mortgage loan is active.

Always check to see if your lender has any special mortgage curtailment policies. Some, for instance, accept full-curtailment payments but refuse additional partial payments.

To understand more about curtailment meaning in real estate, you better know the difference between curtailment and mortgage recast.

What distinguishes a mortgage recast from a curtailment?

Mortgage recast may come to mind while thinking of curtailment, however, there are some significant differences between the two:

Your monthly payments are unchanged by curtailment. Your monthly payments won’t decrease when you pay off your loan early, unlike if you requested a mortgage recast. Instead, depending on how much more you paid, the date when your mortgage will be paid off advances.

Most cancellations are free of charge. Although some lenders do impose a prepayment penalty, a mortgage curtailment is normally free of charge.

Anyone can use curtailment. Anyone can reduce their debt because you aren’t altering the terms or interest rate. Mortgage recasting is not, however, permitted by all lenders or loans. For instance, mortgage recast alternatives are not available for FHA, VA, and USDA loans.

FAQs about Curtailment

Are restriction and principal the same thing?

Principal and curtailment do not have the same meanings. The loan’s principal balance is referred to as the “principal.” A payment that is made in addition to the usual mortgage installments is referred to as a curtailment.

Does principal reduction bring down interest?

Yes. A reduction of the principal will lower the amount of interest due because interest builds up over time. That is why so many people decide to pay their mortgage a little bit extra when they can.

What if my current mortgage is too expensive?

For those who can afford to make additional contributions, curtailment payments are excellent, but not everyone is in a position to do so. You might want to think about refinancing your mortgage if you’re having trouble keeping up with your existing monthly payments. But don’t stop with just one offer. To acquire the best rate and terms, it is best to compare several lenders.

What is steering and curtailment in real estate?

Real estate is also referred to as steering. It is the act of someone, typically a real estate agent or another industry professional, attempting to persuade you to make a particular transaction so they can gain anything from it.

What is curtailment income?

In the broadest sense, “curtailment of income” refers to a decrease in your overall intake of cash. The term, which is used by lenders and credit providers, refers to a decrease in your normal income, which is typically your salary and wages, that you have available to pay a monthly mortgage or other significant purchase that needs financing.

Things To Remember

You should keep a few key considerations in mind when you decide whether to restrict your mortgage payments in the future.

First and foremost, extra payments made to reduce your mortgage do not take the place of regularly scheduled payments. While making additional payments, you cannot forego your monthly mortgage installments. We advise against investing your emergency funds in a mortgage curtailment strategy. Pay it off as much as you can instead. But don’t jeopardize your capacity to make ends meet now. In case your salary is insufficient to fulfill your mortgage payment in any given month, you should keep extra cash on hand.

Further, lenders do not permit mortgage curtailment payments on past-due loans. Get your finances in order if you are overdue on your mortgage loan before applying for mortgage curtailment.

Finally, you should consider the guidelines that your lender establishes for mortgage curtailment. Some won’t accept additional payments, but they’ll take a full curtailment payment. Call your lender if you have any queries.

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